tv PBS News Hour PBS March 15, 2019 6:00pm-7:00pm PDT
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. m judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: terror in new zealand.e 49 people lled in shootings at two mosques... one of the darkest dtrs in that cos history. then, mark shields andthavid brooks odangers of hate spch to spark violence. plus, a photographer on a mission to capture the past, documenting the often-overlooked places of the underground railroad. >> it's about the history of people who were enged in a process and a project of self liberation. i want to remind people about that because i think it resonates even today, globally. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.
>> sharing the latest viral cat! >> you can do the things you like to do with a wireless plan designed for you. with talk, text and data. consumer cellular. len more at consumercellular.tv >> babbel. a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more. >> american cruise lines. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: and foundations. and friends of the newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
>> woodruff: new zealand is a nation stricken tonight.d a self-declaite supremacist gunned down muslims at prayeday, striking terror into a country where police rarely carry guns.n the massacreristchurch left at least 49 dea w and another nded. amna nawaz (gsirensr)coverage. >> nawaz: it is the deadliest shooting in new zealand's modern history. prime minister jacinda ardern addressed the nation, hours after the horror unfolded. >> it is clear that this one of new zealans darkest days. >> nawaz: just before 2:00 p.m. local time, a nman dressed in all black stormed the al noor mosque in christchurch, crowde w wishippers for friday prayers. >> we heard, you know, the and then, everybody just run to the back doors, just to save themselves. >> nawaz: mohammed jama, former president of the mosque, saw the gunman enter the building.
>> he had helmet, and he had glasses, and he had the dress of the military, and has gun, machine gun. id nawaz: after two minutes, the gunman walked outs shooting people on the sidewalk. he then went back into theti mosque, to ce shooting some of those already wounded. urvived by hiding. >> i just lie down under the bench, thinking that if i get out, i'll get shot. so i'm just keeping my fingers crossed so i could be alive. >> nawaz: within two hours, more worshippers killed, in a second attack at linwd mosque, three les away. the gunman live-streamed the attack on facebook, apparently using a helmet camera. facebook said later that it had removed both the shooter's facebook and instagram accounts, and takedown the video after the shooting, and all postssu orting the attack. police have charged one man with murder, and detained two others for investigation. on social mea, the apparent shooter identified himself a brenton tarrant, a 28-year-old
australian. he posted a 74-page manifesto, callg himself an "avowed racist," and citing as inspiration, both the white supremacist who killed 77 people in norway in 2011, and the white supremacist who murdered nine black parishioners at a charleston, south carolina church in 2015. he also mentioned president donald trump by name, callinghi a "symbol of renewed white identity." in washington, president trump addressed the attack this afternoon: er these places of worship turned into scenes of evil killing. you've sane what went on. it's a horrible horrible thing. ited states is with them alle the way. >> >> nawaz: the massacre left new knzealand's small and clos muslim community-- around 50,000 people-- reeling. >> we had of all theities, family friends that we've known for 19 years-- dead. people who were there for my engagement-- dea >> nawaz: in neighboring australia, prime minister scott morrison denounced tgr attack.
>> wve, we are shocked, we're appalled, we araged, and we stand here and condemn absolutely the attack which occurred today by an extremist, right-wing, violent terrorist. >> it is clear that this can now only be described as a terrorist attack. >> nawaz: the mass shooting, new zealand's first in more than 20 years, prompted unequivocal ndemnation from the prim minister. >> there is no place in new zealand for such acts of extreme and unprecedented violence, which it is clear this act was. >> nawaz: tonight, police in new zealand and around the world say they are ramping up security for mosques.or >> woodruff:ore on all of this, we turn to humera khan. she's the executive director of muflehun, a non-profit
organization that works to prevent the spread of hate, extremism and violence in the united states. kathleen belew is an assistant agofessor of history at the university of ch and has written extensively about white supremacy movements. and, matthew knott. he's a reporter for the "sydney morning herald," based in new york. before moving to the united states, he covered australian politics. we welcome all three of you to the newshour. mathew knott. these men moved to australia a tell us a little bit about the political climate right now. >> yes. 's absolutely devastating for the people in auralia but this has happened not just because we're so close with new zealand, halvesider ourselves t of the same whole really. but the fact was it wasn a australian has really shocked and made ueople et in
australia that was an australian responsible. it does reflect some of what hae been hng in our politics in recent years. there has been a growth of anti-islamic rhetoric. one of the parties ha helthe balance of power in our parliament since the election i 20 one nation and one of the principal planks of the policies is a very strong critique of islam, the leader of that par lty, describedm as a deans -- islam as a diease that needs to be vaccinate the against. this is part of our rhetoric over the reent years. it's very disappointing to see this playing o this way. >> woodruff: you were telling us some of this thinking has beme normalized in australia. >> yes, that is the thing. this party onation came to the fore in the 90's
predominantly protesting against asian immigration and against benefits for indigenous australians. the party was stamped o of existence by the mainstream party saying that was not acceptable. and has come back to prominence in recent years. we have anti-islam rhetoric and that is proven more aceptable to the autralian pubc, the senate, the government both needed the votes of this party to get anyindone. so it has been normalized in our discourse. >> woodruff: humera khan, you spent a lot of time looking at extremism like this. you've read this man's manifesto, what he led his manifesto today. what came through to you. >> so ire think tre a few things. one is that there's nothing particularly we knew in there which we haven't seen throughn the esto.
he's drawn i'dology from nifesto of right ring groups but you see the similaritiesn what's bepeated before. see you hear the new stuff that's been used by the new nazis the white supreme es. he mentions the maifesto are attackers and he's inspired by that. inhat sense, it was not the content that was used but put together. i think what is really important something we should not under estimate is how malignant te ideology and the ideological extremism. >> woodruff: how malignant is it? howide spread is it you obviously have hudieds. how powerful is it? >> well you saw what happened to new zealand. but this is not the fr. we've seen the attacks in norway but just in america we saw the attacks on the pittsburgh synagogue. in quebec wean saw attack on a
this is nothing new and we've seen these attacks on houses of worship which have been going on for a long time now. he wash te attack of the church in south carolina. this is another problem but it's the sam it's investigators of the same ideology. >> woodruff: which is white supremsupremacy. >> yes. and they don't hesitate to act again. when they molize like every her toirs groups they arell g to kill. >> woodruff: kathleen bel what should we be learning now by these incidents. >> this is a social moement. this is the most important thing to understand. this is an action carried out b the white power movement. it has decades of history in the uned states and beond. it is part of a social ground swell. its members are deeply connect with one another and they arey
ideologicaiven as my co-panelist has said. that means that we have to think about how to connect these disparate acts ofolence together into one story so we can start to think fomulating a response to this as a movement. these aren't lone would haves atta mad men. these are political actors who understand what they are doing tone motivated purposeful. and the other thing about actsh like, and again i'm an historian. i studied the period froem th vietnaevaluate war to the oklah- to the vietnam war to the oak bombing which is the first anti-state violence. when we think about acts like e new seeland shooting, the oklahoma shooting, the massacre in charleston, the attack on tree of life synague, thes actions are not meant to be the end in and othemselves.
the mass attack that's not the endpoint of this ideology. these actors envision these acts as puricposeful pol statements meant to awaken a broader white public to the urgency of their ideology and t race war. >> woodruff: race war literally. >> yes. shat's why i think it' important to call this what it is which is the white power movement. i think when people say white nationalists or white supremacists it serves to soften oe very radical and roof illusionary natu this activism. white natiolism thinks the nation implied is going to be the nation of the united states or the nation of new zealand when in fact these activists think about a white nation that transcends national boundaries. they're pursuing an aaro an aryn ing this with an end goal of ethnic cleansing and ra
war. >> woodruff: matthew, knowing that this is that serious, what they really want is elimination of people arwhnot white. is that recognized in australia? >> i think it is going to be now. i think this is a big wake up call for everyone in australiani po and in australian media that that rhetoric and our discourse matters and you have to be careful where it goes and what you tolerate. the thing as security agents say again and again is that to work with muslim communities, you need to not put tem off side and to have a sort of rhetoric that was mention by politicians is not helpful in that. this is already something a lot of soul searching in australia is about what has become normalized in ourur dis. >> woodruff: humera khan what about the response here in the united stateum president twas asked about this today. he says he does not think that white nationalism is a prblem in this country.
he said it's just a small group ofeopl what sort of response are you seeing today from our leaders to this? >> there's inadequate perhaps is the best way of saying it. we need to acknowledge this system as terrorism. this is terrorism and it has to be dealt with from that perspective. i know today the homeland security committee aually asked the fbi for information on domestic terrorism so i think that's a start. but it can't end there because for years this issue has not been ponsued enough. question i keep asking is where are the programs. where is actually the plan for leadership and the funding which is greatly needed to actually counter, not just counter but also prevent this issue. y >> woodruff: u see any movement in the part of the u.s. government to do that? >> at this moment, no. hopefully that will change.
but i think it needs to be and it's also not just the government. this is a case where a the professor described it, this is a movement, a social movement. it's not just up to the government or the government's responsibility to deal witait. everyonea responsibility which means every sector of society. it mealns reious, the clergy, society itself, the education system. everyone actually has to mobilize. recognize this is an issue. >> woodruff: kathleen belew back.o you how do you see whether it's the united states or australia orhe countries but clearly we're a program in the united states. should, what can this country be doing about this no >> when we think about this kind of a movement, it is a fringe movement. it is a comparatively small group of people. but the thing is people in fringeovement has outsized capacity for violence and outsized capacity for spreading ideas into other circles.
i think this is a movement and the history shows this that has really done a lot of work to disguise itself and to appear ao so scattered lone act of violence and w see over and over again the idea of the lone wolf attacker at the mad man, a few bad apple when in fact these are coherent and connected actions. so the workof contexturalizing them putting them in conversation with one another and understanding these events are sected is absolutely crucial if we want to mountny kind of public response. this movement uses a strategy called leaderless resistance which is effectively very much li self style terror. the idea is that a cell or one man can work to foment violence without direct communication with leadership. this was implemented of course to stymie prosecution in court and that's one level of response. the larger consequence of leaderless resistance is that our society as a whole has not been able to understand this violence.
>> woodruff: well it's clear. o have heardch about islamic terrorism. it is very clear now we need to look at supremacy as another form of terrorism.e kathleenew, mathew knottra hume khan, thank you very much. de >> woodruff: pre trump dispensed his first presidential veto today-- on a resolution backed by some in his own party, that sought to terminate his national emergency declaration. mr. trump signed the v front of news camera at the white house today, and he applauded the senate republicans who stayed loyal. >> today, i am vetoing this resolution. congress has the right to pass it, and i have the duty to veto it. and i'm very proud to veto it. and i'm also very pr the
republican senators who were with me. >> they voted yesterday to back the president's emergency order but the other 12 joined wih democrats to oppose it. neither house appears to have the votes to override the veto but the emeency declaration faces a breert o a tense calm returned in gaz and israel today, after cross- border fighting erupted overnight. daylight revealed the damage from some 100 israeli airstrike, in gargeting the militant group hamas. they were triggered by a rare rocket attack on tel aviv. israeli news aounts said it now appears the rockets were fired by accident, possibly during maintenance work. north korea is warning the u.s. that it may re-start missile launchesnd nuclear tests. that follows last month's failed summit in vietnam. a senior official in pyongyang said today that north korean leader kim jong-un will soon
decide whether to continue talks, or resume testing.as in wngton, secretary of state mike pompeo said that the u.s. expects kim to keep a promise made to president trumpo >> in on multiple occasions, he spoke prrectly to thident, and made a commitment that he would not resume nuclear testing, nor kiuld he resume missile testing. that's chairman'word. we have every expectation that he will live up to that commitment. >> woodruff: pompeo and national securi adviser john bolton also disputed a north korean claim that they torpedoed the summit by refusing to compromise. tens of thousands of youth t activists arou world skipped school today, to march fo.action on climate change demonstrations spanned more than 100 countries, with rallies in cities from new delhi, to hong kong, to paris. everywhere, the activists said it was a fight for their future. in whington, organizers led chants, called for increased
youth voting, and challenged politicians to end reliance on carbon-based energy. >> fossil fuel corporations have far too long put profit over the people and the planet. we will listen to each oer, organize, and solve this issue, regardless if any adults will join us, because we are the youth fighting for our right to live on this planet. >> woodruff: the worldwide youth d,vement was started by a swedish 16-year-reta thunberg, in 2018. she has since been nominated for a nobel peace prize. volkswagen and a former c.e.o. are facing charges of defrauding u.s. investors during a diesel emissions scandal. the securities ais exchange coon accused the german auto maker last night of selling allions of dollars in bon securities at inflated prices. v.w. entually admitted that nearly 500,000 diesel vehicles
sold in the s. were rigged to cheat on emissions tests. on wall street, stks finished the week on a high note, thanks to tech and retail stocks. the dow jones indurial average gained 139 points to close near 25,849. the nasdaq rose 57 points, and the s&p 500 added 14. and a passing to note: w.s. merwin, the former u.s. poet laureate, died today at hi homee hawaiian island of maui. merwin penned more than 20 books over the course of his career, exploring themes like nature, and his objection to the vietnam war. his writing earning him a host of literary honors, including two pulitzer prizes for poetry and the national book award. w.s. merwin was 91 years old. still to come on the newshour:ie shs and brooks on the dangers of hate speech. a photographer works to capture the past, documenting the sites of the underground railroad. and, much more.
>> woodruff: it may seem early, but the race to take on president trump is coming into focus. lisa desjardins has thst. >> i'm running to serve you as president of the united states of america. thank you. >> desjardins: another week, another candidate. beto o'rourke is two days into his presidential campaign, and has spent both of those days-- as one does-- in iowa. a back-bench congressman from el paso, texas, o'rourke gained fame for his unorthodox social media friendly campaigning, speaking directly on facebook, and skateboarding on the trail. he is also a fundraising juggernaut, raising $80 million in his texas senate race lastm year, mostly fall donors. that wasn't enough, and he lost a close three-point race to republican ted cruz. a moderate, and himself a
multi-millionaire, critics question if o'rourke can appeal to enore democratic voters. he is specifically aiming for voters in both parties. i want to show up everywhere, for everyone. >> desjardins: also in iowa, entrepreneur andrew ya, who is week met the requirement to be included in democratic debates by raising money from meanwhile, vermont senator bernie sanders focused south, on south carolina, with an event in charleston last night. >> now, our job is to complete what we started, and now our what we started, and we are gog to bring justice to america. >> desjardins: and while the race is taking shape, what may be the biggest name remains on the sideline. >> run joe run run joe run! >> desjardins: formevice president joe biden indicated this week in a speech to a
prrefighters union that he's inclined to take oident trump. >> in america, everyone gets a shot. that's what the next president of the united states needs to understand, anthat what i think this current president doesn't understand at all. >> desjardins: in a race with no clear frontrunner, the former v.p. leads the wide-open pack in these early days. a monmouth university poll this week found 28% of democratic voters back biden, with 25% for sanders. both are also the two who have run national races before. the top newcomer to presidential politics is kamala harris, at 10% in this poll, which included a whopping 23 candidates or itsential candidates o list. for the pbs newshour, i'm lisa desjardins. >> woodruff: we turn to theie analysis of s and brooks.
that's syndicated columnist mark shields, and "new york times" columnist david brook we're going to get to politic in just a moment. but david i want to start with this terrible massacre at two mo we just talked to our guests ing to say about where we are in terms of, what does it saya about us auman race. >> well we're seeing a culture cry in pain and rage and alienation, a culture that'sis divideedated where people are lonely, committing suicide at high rates.so of the thing some lonely people exiential angst do, they turn fanatics and that's been the case all through we're just at a moment of just cultural pain and you get these horrific outbreaks. ativelye gentle, rel gentle screaming at each about politics. some are really bad, suicide murder rate, opioid rate and some is horrific which is the mass shtings we see across western society. and it's just the definition of our culturalthoment. thing that kathleen belew said i think is worth repeating that it's a movement. it used to be a movement or evee
ror army which is a group of people who had internal structure and institutions but these are webs organized by the oternet. justbecause they never met each other doesn't mean they aren't part of one a thingnd fa thattal ideas. what's interesting is how they wink and nod through their stateents and thir manifestos. this guy was quoting something from the pittsburgh synagogue. that's just a scary form of movement. >> woodruff: for them it's a piece, mark, although they don't have a leader. as david said, kathleen blue y a moment ago, it's about eliminating everybo isn't right. >> i agree and i was struck by mark thatbelew's r it's a white power movement and a social ground swell. i can't helbut think that the amplification and strengthening of this institution or this
movement has occurred thrgh the internet. the idea that if somebody held those beliefs in the past there was almost a sense of isolation because they were so widely unacceptable to most people. but now you get radification, you get validation because you can alk t people, whether it's somebody going to the church in chawfercharleston or the tree oe synagogue in pittsburgh or new zealand yesterday going aft muslims. it's worldwide in mhisovement. thd it's obviously not based on anything other that sense of anger, resentment and hostility. >> going after houses of worship is not an accident. it's a form of anti-religion. it's a faith or movement of tred. this is not the first time in history we've had this so you get these moral wars.
somebody pointed out when the printing presses first created people thought it would herald in an age of peace so we could talk to each other through the written word and we got literature wars. so it caneg have ative effects. it was said back in the 50's existential anxiety if you don't know what your mral pose is you turn into fanatic because this power mou vement gives clean moral logic you know your purpose in the universe and you have a clear enemy you can go kill who are human. so it clears your existential anxiety because everything is literally black and. whi >> woodruff: right now you don't have an evident to condemn to say this is wrong. >> we all know it's wrong. i mean but how do you confront something that is almost subterranean.
it's not something we run insoto of us daily. it was just one moment yesrd on capitol hill when the most powerful democrat on the country quoted the most popinar presidenhe last century. it just said thanks, quoting this presiannt. to each wave of new arrivals to this land ofrt opity. we're a nation for every young. forever bursting with energy and eew ideas. always leading world to the next frontier. if we ever close the door to new americans, our leadership in the world will soon be lost.ga ronald res last speech to the american people. >> woodruff: nancy pelosi. >> nancy pelosi's speaker of the house at the luncheon for the ireland prime minister yesterday. donald trump sitting there as she said this. wow it's just one of thosea moments to we are not who we were. >> it's an assertion what joins us across es race is more important. >> exactly. >> woodruff: you made the segue to president trump ad
was going to ask you in the context of the 12 republicans yesterday in the senate w went against the president on his emergency declaration on the border. but what has come up in the last day or so is a call the esident made with breitbart news the right wing website and he said, he was condemnin democrats and saying, the left, he said it's tough. but he went on to say i can tell you i have the support of the police, the support of the military, support of the bikers for trump. i have the tough people but they don't play it tough until theoy go certain point and then it would be very bad, very bad i'm contrasting that with what president reagan said. >> hleft out the brown shirts. it is classic authorityarin isn't. it's almost mouss moose lieny l. president trump told me he's afraid ofonfrontation in person. he'll do it over the internet but he won't do it in person.
he needs to exert toughness and admires ughness and putin and north koreans that's his highest virtue but it's a plus tree front which is trip actual. >> reckless beyd lief. i can't believe it. words matter, especially the words of a president. he's not talking to breitbart or any particular group. whenever the pressident spe he's speaking to all of us and for all of us. this wasr ciminally reckless. it was almost sanctioning and condoning any t of violence by one of his supporters, armedga supportersst a political critic, a political appoint saying i understand it. it just contrasted with the words of a reagan or a kennedy or any other president. >>oodruff: for some i thnk it called to mind what his former lawyer michael cone said not long ago when he said, well
when he was testifying before the congress he said he wasn't idre if the prt would accept the results if he lost the election in a close conteste idn't know what would happen. so we'll go there another time. let's come back to 2020 with lisa's rort, david. beto o'rourke he ran aood race two years ago in 20 sell but he lost to ted cruz. >>is is a different field, isn't. t will be very interesting. there are a lot of things i'm interested about the race. it's very hard to imagine one more fascinating with the angles. one is the ideological where ow roque identify logically informed. but a elizabeth warren and berne sanders, they're nt. with beto it's the aurora. people are informed. there's the register difference. sanders and warren. they know about what's going
wrong in america. the mayor of new york, cory booker. he doing love and beto doing charm. one of the things that beto and aoc have in common is at the time frankly when the left could be a little turgid they're joyful and i happen to thithnk 's a good formula but we'll see the voters like places like iond new hampshire. >> woodruff: love and charm. it's good to ge -- >> it's a nice contrast for the cumbent anyway. t he ran a race that everybody expected him to lose and he came close to unexpected. he had people intatio in text wd not been energized. he showed up and got crowds enthusiastic. t head an advantage then tha does not have now. he was running against a man who trumpeted the fact that he was the most unpopular man in washington, ted cruz.
ldd it was a claim that he cou vindicate and validate. he was the most unpopular man on catol hill. so there was a large potential he does connect with people. it's like a first date, it really is. most people in president primaries have mastered a state, have become pretty good with bernie sanders minnesota with amy klobucharure. then they're in a chain ballets and have to connt withther people. i wouldn't bet against this fellow based upon th magic he's shown so far. >> woodruff: people pointed out there's something to having litical talent. vid the polls that have come out whether they mean anything or not have joe biden at the top followed closelbyernie sanders. biden isn't in yet.
a lot of people think he's goint toin. >> don't believe the polls. those polls are not worth anything in my view.hi attime in the cycle, every time they are referendums on the list campaign. biden and sanders were really g four years ago and they are at the top of the polls now. i don't know how manawmonths we ar from an actual caucus but it's probably 5,000 so there's a long way to go. you look at raw political challenge. it's like going to spring oaining and loking at rookie pitchers. ff.t how good is their stu people with good stuff will rise and people without good stuff will not. beto's suff is casual, let's put it that way. the skateboarding, the video of himself in the dentist chair. that too is stuff we're not used to seeing fromliticians. and will it work with elderly voters in iowa? we'll see. >> there's no better pollster in iowa and maybe in the country than ann serlts wh settler who e
wa poll. the wed sand, they're washed out the next time.it as rudy giuliani and hillary clinton at this point just -- >> woodruff: don't get too excited about it. >> no. timing is everythi in politics and there's a certain melancholy that 2016 would have been joe's year. it would have been the ideal match up. donald trump would not have carried michigan or wisconsin against joe biden in 2016. >> woodruff: we will fint. ou i think we will. ank you. >> woodruff: and now, photographer dawoud bey has been considered one of this country's foremost street photographers, taking intimate portraits of everyday life.
but now, he's tackling a new subject, looking back at this country's history. jeffrey brown has this report from the art institute of chicago, f our series on arts and culture, "canvas." >> brown: a young boy in sunglasses poses outside a loews movie thear on 125th street in new york city. a shoemaker stands in his rkspace, cigarette hanging between his fingers. portraits of men, women and children, often amid the hubbub of daily life, yet somehow intimate. "you might just pass us by," the subjects seem to say, "but here we are."ey e the work of photographer dawoud bey. >> it begins with the subject, a deep interest in wanting to describe the black subject wn harlem, in that's as complex as the experience of any one else. it's to kind of re-shape the world one person at a time. >> brown: bey, who has severe, hearing lorst made his name as a street photographer
capturing life in harlem in the 1970s. in his work since, shot in many parts of the country, on streets and in a studio, he's continued to re-focus how blacks are portrayed in art and popular culture. >> african americans and photographs have very often en viewed through a lens of social pathology. so, i wanted to respond to that kind of representation by making photographs that conveyed a deep, complex humanity. i want there to be real sense of interiority, to go benea the surface. >> brown: in more recent work, bey, now 65, has extended his view into e past, as in theon exhibi"night coming tenderly, black," now at the art >> i've come to call them thepr
uct of a kind of radical re-imagining of history. >> brown: the history being re-imagined is that of the underground railroad, the network of secret routes used by runaway slaves in the 1800s.gr in these phohs, no human faces ea figures. in they're dark and aceam-like, unidentified landscapes that the viewer in the middle of sparse fields and backwoods. >>'m trying to imagine the through the eyes of fugitive slaves, moving through thisun landscapr cover of darkness. >> brown: you're showing us what's not tre, in a sense. >> and that's really what this project is about, making the invisible visible in the photograph, a way that is palpable and in a way that resonates. >> brown: originally created for the "front international" exhibition in cleveland, the photographs were shot in areas
of ohio once dotted with safe houses for slaves seeking freedom. research led bey to possiblero underground ra sites. but, when shooting this spot overlooking lake erie, he knew he'd comon something important. >> when i was making this work, i wasn't looking through the viewfinder, saying, "i need to feel something. please help me. i need to feel something, to know this is authentic." stbut when i got there, al inexplicably, i felt a very strong presence unlike anything that i've felt in related to any other photograph, to the point, i said to myself, "this isitt an imagined this is an actual location." >>rown: and for bey, it's important history to remember, one that's not often been document. >> it's about the history of people who were engaged in a process and a project of self- liberation. i want to remind people about
that, because i think it resonates even today, globally. you have hundreds of thouslids, if not ms of people, moving across the global landscape, fleeing persecution, trying to find a where they can live out their lives freely. >> brown: bey began his look into the past in 2013, with an exhibition on the 1963 bombing by members of the k.k.k. of the 16th seet baptist church in birmingham, alabama. for "the birmingham project," bey paired two sets of portraits: one of children the same age as the victims killed in the attack; another of adults the age of those same victims, were they alive today. >> it was that project, the "birmingham project," that got me really deeply interested in this idea of, how does one visualize the past in the contemporary moment? how do you make the past resonate in the contemporary moment?ph
>> brownography has also had a profound, personal meaning for bey.r >> the camera became a way having a voice in rld. and overhe years, i've come to suspect also, because i have a hearing loss, and because i do know that, i have compensated for that by tending to see more, probably, than most people do. i don't think it's a coincidence that i've made my life and my awrk and career through my eyes. >> brown: in 2017,d bey received a macarthur fellowship, the so-called genius award, and st year, he published a beautiful retrospective of his work ithe book titled, "seeing deeply." >> that's what i've been doing for the last 40 years. and that's why i think art has the capacity to do. to create thkind of
transformative experience for each person who stands in front of it, and then hopefully, when they leave their work, they go back out into the world with something that they didn't have before they encountered thewo . >> brown: the exhibition, "night coming tenderly, black" runsh throril 14. for the pbs newshour, i'm jeffrey brown at the art institute of chicago. >> woodruff: and we'll be back shortly, wituf
always been really interested in the science and math. usually come up with ide that are somewhat masochistic. i don't know why but, like, i have this idea in my head, and then i need to accomplish it. i and i don't knit's going to work or not. whether it's like, you know sewing human hair onto an umbrella or just doing something usly,s you know ridicu like, labor intensive. i mean, you know, sticking shredded paper back together to form an image or, you know, stacking 20,000 crayons. one christmas, i had beenag repag the crayons for my daughter and it just kind of clicked in my head that these were the perfect shape. i came up with an idea that, maybe i could use a mosaic to see if i could get some photorealism out of it. and from that time on, i've been creating these crayon pieces. initially, i did look into using crayola crayons for my first piece, and i find that they only made, like, a 128 different lors, for the most part. they were expensive. i could buy them they were $1 apiece. the material that they were made out of was paraffin wax.
so it's a wax that's not going to hold up over time. and then finally nobody buys light crayons. w son you bought a box of them everything was dark.r every colo important, so i had to make crayons from scratch. after working on the computer, i'll finally get, like, when i wcall an indexed photograch is a photograph that has a certain number of swatches or colors. and those swatches or colors is what i'll e to cast the batches of crayons. then it's just a mter of assembling based on the map that i create, and then, when it's assembled, i'm able tohen flip it around. and at that time, it's usually a little bit of work to fix certain elements, even though everything is usotlly looks realistically correct. there are, like, elements that you sometimes need to enhance.ll
so i'll rayons in and out until it looks or feels right. heen though when you see the pieces in the end,feel like you're seeing-- you're seeing something that feels very photorealistic. the closer you get to it, you realize there's just not that much information.in your bs actually filling in all that information for that work. i have been working with the crayons for more than a decade now. as long as i'm able to create and have fun as an artist, i think i'll be good. you know, i don't see myself running out of, like, ideasyt e soon. >> woodruff: and a note before we go: it is the job of journalists to stay focused on our work even when the stories we cover involve terrible violence and ss of life. we are more than accustomed to doing that. but i nt to share that this has been a particularly painful few days-- between the plane crash in ethiopia, the pictures of family membief-stricken at the crash site; and today's massacre of muslims in new zealand, again marked by
weeping family members. l of us at the newshour are committed to doing our job, but we end this week with heavy hearts, and i want to thank eacu one of my coll for keeping going through it all. that's the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff.an thank yogood night. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> on a cruise with americanes cruise lyou can experience historic destinations along the mississippi river, the columbia river and across the united states. american cruise linefleet of small ships explore american landmarks, lal cultures and calm waterways. american cruise lines, proud sponsor of pbs newshour. >> bnsf railway. >> consumer cellular. >> babbel. a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more.
>> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world pressing problems-- skollfoundation.org. ew>> the william and floratt foundation. for more than 50 years, advancing ideas and supporting institutions to promote a better world..h at wlett.org. >> the william and flora hewlett foundation, helping people build immeasurably better lives. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and friends of the newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by
tonight, governor newsome's reprieve for death row inmates sparks debate and a college admission scandal rocks the higher education landscape. san francio's new public defenders shares his goals and priorities for the job. plus, a new book offers a chilling look at how tech companies are stripping the details of our lives not only for profit but for control over our behavior. hello and welcome. we begin with two major stories this week. on wednesday, governor newsome halting order execution for as long as he is in office. california currently has more than 700 inmates on death row. more than